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Judas

Posted on 09 September 2014 by patmarrin

“…and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor” (Luke 6:19).

Jesus spends the night in prayer on a mountain, then descends and calls his disciples to gather around. From among them he chooses 12 to be Apostles, which means “those sent.” They will be specially prepared to represent him and to extend his mission when he is gone.

The last name in the list is that of Judas Iscariot. His name is a form of Judah, which means “God is praised.” The surname, "Iscariot," could indicate family, that he belonged to a group of nationalist zealots called sicarii, who were assassins, or be an epithet regarding his death by choking. Luke leaves the door open as to the character of Judas by saying that he “became” a traitor, meaning he was not one when Jesus chose him.

Because Jesus spent the night in prayer before calling the Twelve, we may assume that he knew the potential of each one. So his choice of Judas was deliberate. The question for us is how Judas in fact carried the message of Jesus to the world as an Apostle, and how God was praised by his role in the story.

Like Peter, the first name in the list of Apostles, Judas demonstrated God’s unconditional love by failing to be worthy of it. Both Peter and Judas were total failures. The only difference was that Peter survived his ordeal to become a messenger of God’s mercy, whereas Judas hanged himself in despair. But God has the last word. Jesus, too, is hanged on the cross in parallel to Judas' death. One of his final cries is “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.”

These words, together with Jesus’ descent into hell (the Apostle’s Creed) to retrieve the lost sheep (Luke 15), become the most complete expression of the Gospel of mercy imaginable. Judas the Apostle made this outpouring of forgiveness possible and thus lived up to his call and to his name, “God is praised.”

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The Birth of Mary

Posted on 08 September 2014 by patmarrin

“This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about” (Matt 1:18).

Genealogies serve to connect and credential the present to the past. Luke’s genealogy shows that Jesus is in the direct line of the promise made to Abraham and of the House of David. But unlike most family trees, it is Jesus who gives significance to all his ancestors, for their purpose was to point forward to his coming.

Also unusual is that the flesh and blood lineage takes flight at the end to reveal the spiritual paternity of God. Jesus is not the son of Joseph, son of Jacob, son of Matthan, all the way back to Abraham. He is the son of Mary by the Holy Spirit. His Father is God. This leap from flesh to spirit marks the end of the Old Covenant and the beginning of the New. Disciples of Jesus will be born again of water and Spirit, baptized to be children of God, heirs to divine life.

Mary is the human bridge to the divine promise, the mother who bears the Incarnation, the body of Christ, by which all believers find their destiny in God. We honor her birth today and her yes to God’s plan, not just for her, but for all of us.

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Holy Consensus

Posted on 06 September 2014 by patmarrin

“Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there I am in the midst of them” (Matt 18:20).

Just two Sundays ago, the gospel passage from Matthew 16 was about the famous conversation between Jesus and Peter in which he gives him the keys to the kingdom and the power to bind and loose. The passage is famous because it became the basis for Rome’s claim that the pope, the successor of Peter, holds ultimate authority over the church.

Today’s gospel passage from Matthew 18 appears to extend that same authority to all the disciples: “I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven” (18:19). Jesus promises that agreement in prayer or consensus by even two or three disciples guarantees that he will be present with them.

Together, the two passages reflect the long debate in the church over the balance between the role of the pope and the role of the college of bishops (papal primacy and collegiality). This debate was central to the Second Vatican Council, which, in the end, leaned in a complicated compromise toward papal supremacy.

Pope Francis, by calling himself the “bishop of Rome” instead of a traditional title like “supreme pontiff,” by appointing advisors on every issue and by opening next month’s synod on the family to a broad consultation with the whole church, seems to lean toward collegiality as a better approach to leadership than autocratic fiat. Consultation is far more complicated than fiat, and consensus requires that every view be heard and respected before debate reaches a conclusion everyone can support. But the benefit of consensus is full participation itself and the likelihood that in the end the group will own decisions they have helped make.

Today’s Gospel does not resolve the debate but does affirm that Jesus is with the church in the process and blesses all our efforts to reach communal decisions as something good in itself. Any parish that struggles to reach agreement on any issue is already witnessing the church’s message that dialogue, consensus and reconciliation are possible in our fractious world.

Sunday liturgy is an exercise in gathering all our differences around the one altar, the one sacrifice of Christ, and taking from that altar a Communion in love that is our mission to the world.

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New Wine, New Wineskins

Posted on 05 September 2014 by patmarrin

“No one pours new wine into old wineskins” (Luke 5:37).

The question was about fasting. Jesus answered with a wedding. No one fasts at a wedding. So his disciples do not fast as do those of John the Baptist, because the bridegroom is with them.

Something new is happening. It is like new wine, bubbling up, expanding, effervescent, alive. Don’t put it in old wineskins, already stretched and tight, for it will burst the seams and spill out. No, new wine into new wineskins.

Something new is happening. It is not about institutional change or structural realignment. It about love that transforms relationships, creates new life, new possibilities. It is unpredictable and risky. Be ready to expand with it, accommodate it, wait for it to reveal itself.

God gives bread to sustain us, but wine is to make us joyful, exuberant, vulnerable to one another. The first sign was given at Canna, a wedding feast, where the water of legal and ceremonial washing was changed into fine wine for the celebration of love. The Bridegroom is here.

Pray for new wine, but first pray for a new heart to hold it. Make your life a wedding feast. Joy is the surest sign of the presence of God. The Bridegroom is here.

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The Call

Posted on 04 September 2014 by patmarrin

“Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man” (Luke 5:8).

The story of the astonishing catch of fish in Luke is also the story of Jesus’ call of Peter to become a disciple. It contains what photographers have called the “decisive moment” that tells the whole story. The look on Peter’s face is not just about the catch of fish where all night there had been no fish. He has just experienced a theophany, an encounter with God in the man standing before him in the boat. And the light of that revelation makes transparent his own naked sense of inadequacy, his sinfulness. “Depart from me, Lord,” he says to Jesus as he falls to his knees.

The call of Peter is not unlike other biblical calls: Moses at the burning bush; Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel; the conversion of St. Paul. In each case, the person being called feels the floor of their very existence fall out from beneath them. They are overwhelmed by their own unworthiness and inability to do what they are being invited to do. The call is what empowers them to go beyond themselves to a new kind of life. What the evangelicals call “conviction of sin” clears the way for the gift of salvation, to make sure the person knows it is not something they have earned or deserve.

There are human equivalents to this experience. Perhaps the most exhilarating is the “look of love” two people see in one another’s eyes that invites them into a mutual relationship they know is pure gift, total acceptance that defies logic and sets aside all inadequacy. I choose you. Or a moment of unconditional forgiveness that wipes clean some offense and restores a life-saving friendship. In either, case, love calls us to a deeper level of responsibility and loyalty. There is no turning back now.

We know the rest of Peter’s story—a life-changing journey of both courage and failure that will unite him to Jesus in both life and death.

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At Sunset

Posted on 03 September 2014 by patmarrin

“He laid hands on each of them and cured them” (Luke 4:40).

Mothers know that children get particularly cranky in the early evenings. After a long day of learning and conforming (more or less) to adult expectations, children “fall apart” around bedtime, cry a lot, need to be soothed.

Nursing home staff experience that same phenomenon with some residents, even have a name for it: “sunset syndrome,” when the mix of medications and the approaching night hours seem to disorient and cause anxiety. Patients need to be soothed.

In today’s gospel, Jesus first heals Peter’s mother-in-law, then, at sunset, faces a large crowd of people suffering from various diseases and disturbances. He touches each person, quieting and curing them, dispelling evil spirits from some. As darkness falls and the usual night terrors approach that all sick and elderly people (and all of us) have encountered at times, peace falls over the town. The source of all Life is among them; there is no need to fear anything.

There is no medicine more soothing than the touch of someone who loves you, or more reassuring words than “I’m right here with you.” We have all known the dark hours that test the soul and make us feel utterly alone. No one comes to human maturity without a sleepless night. It is only then that we learn to pray, and when we come to know that for every sunset there is a sunrise.

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Safe at Home

Posted on 02 September 2014 by patmarrin

“Who knows what pertains to a person except the spirit within that person?” (1 Cor 2:11).

In today’s first reading from 1 Corinthians, St. Paul explores one of the deep mysteries of what it means to be a human being. As bodies, we are also individual selves, possessing self-consciousness. We can “see” ourselves thinking, and are thus able to freely direct our thoughts and motives to act. By expressing ourselves in this way, we establish our identities in the world. We become individual selves.

Not only is this an amazing thing, but St. Paul says that God also has a Spirit –- the divine Self –- and that Spirit and our spirit commune, enabling us to know the mind of God and to live at a level of spiritual discernment that elevates us above blind animal nature. We are invited to share friendship with God because Jesus has bridged human consciousness and divine consciousness.

In today’s Gospel (Luke 4:31 ff), Jesus demonstrates his spiritual authority. He comes to the synagogue in Capernaum and there encounters a man possessed by a demonic spirit. He expels it and restores the man to himself. Jesus is in touch with the Source -- the Author -- of life. His very presence reasserts human wholeness and balance.

Our ability to give ourselves in love depends first on self-possession and self-respect. The Great Commandment affirms that right relationship with God and neighbor is measured through the self. We love God with our whole self -- heart, mind and strength -- and then our neighbor as our self. A distortion in our sense of self lessens our ability to see clearly, judge accurately what is true.

Prayer -- that conscious intimate conversation with God each day -- is what anchors us into our true selves. When the storms of life assault us with self-doubt, the need for approval, fear of rejection, the temptation to open our hearts to any passing influence, we rely on the Spirit to keep us safe and centered in God. There alone do we find peace, purpose and joy.

Labor Day

Posted on 01 September 2014 by patmarrin

“Is this not the son of Joseph?” (Luke 4:23).

Jesus returned to his hometown and entered the synagogue on the Sabbath. The attendant handed him the scroll of the prophet Isaiah, and Jesus proclaimed the lines from Chapter 61 that summarized his mission: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring glad tidings to the poor.”
It is a familiar scene, but on this Labor Day let us imagine it in a somewhat different way to ask an important question about the glad tidings Jesus brought to the world.

The townspeople in Nazareth identified Jesus as the son of Joseph, a local carpenter. Jesus himself was known as a carpenter. Let us imagine that Jesus is speaking to a large gathering of carpenters in the synagogue that Sabbath. They want to organize to improve their lot, better negotiate a fair wage for their labor, set standards for their profession to ensure quality workmanship. Jesus finds in the scroll of Isaiah words that validate their desire to act in solidarity for the good of the community, the freedom of all workers to live decent lives and be treated justly. God wants them to live full lives, free of oppression, injury and exploitation. Amid great joy, they form the first union of carpenters in Galilee. This is good news.

The history of labor has many martyrs, men and women crushed by powerful interests that have grown wealthy on the backs of slaves, peasants, tenant farmers and low wage workers who tried to improve their lot by protests, work stoppages and strikes. Their cause has advanced human dignity for hundreds of millions of people whose hard work built the world.

Though we think of Jesus as bringing a different kind of kingdom, it is good for us to remember that he was a carpenter, a Savior who knew what is was to work with his hands to provide food and shelter for a family. The same God who looked on him as his beloved Son and anointed him with the Holy Spirit also blessed him in his human endeavors. We should celebrate this blessing on Labor Day on behalf of all those who work. They, too, are building God's kingdom and ushering in the new creation.

The Peter Principle

Posted on 30 August 2014 by patmarrin

"You are thinking not as God does, but as human beings do” (Matt 16:23).

Pope Francis was recently asked how he copes with his immense popularity. He said he thinks about his sins. St. Peter would understand this. His leadership of the church was founded on both his strengths and his weaknesses. Today’s Gospel is the second part of the scene in which he correctly identifies that Jesus is the Messiah and is told that he will be the rock on which the church is built. But right after this, he totally misses the kind of Messiah Jesus will be and is reprimanded for trying to deter Jesus from his suffering mission. In one moment Peter is “rock,” and in the next he is “satan.”

The pattern is repeated in other gospel stories. Peter daringly steps out of the boat to walk to Jesus on the water, then loses his faith and begins to sink. Peter boasts at the Last Supper that even if everyone else abandons Jesus, he never will. A few hours later, he denies even knowing him. Peter is deeply flawed, yet Jesus wants him to lead the small faith community through the crisis of the cross and the challenge of the resurrection to witness the Gospel message to the whole world.

The New Testament portrait of Peter is in marked contrast to the hero worship and tremendous feats attributed to other important figures in history. Why is Peter remembered by the church with so many glaring shortcomings? The answer seems to be that Jesus wanted someone who had experienced God’s mercy to the full to lead the church whose message was mercy.

The so-called "Peter Principle" in business theory is that managers tend to rise to the level of their incompetence, then stay there. In the case of St. Peter, he rose to the level at which he needed the most forgiveness, then was ready to lead the church in preaching forgiveness.

This Sunday invites us to celebrate our weaknesses and failures as the foundation of our own understanding of mercy and compassion for others. If we keep in mind our own sins, we are less likely to judge others or take ourselves too seriously. Gathering for worship in our local churches, we can rejoice in the odd assortment of flawed people we belong to. Hope is inseparable from a sense of humor, and that is another thing Pope Francis seems to model very well.

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The Sign of the Cross

Posted on 29 August 2014 by patmarrin

“When the disciples heard about it, they came and took his body and laid it in a tomb” (Mark 6:29).

Beheading is back in the news with the death of a young American journalist in the turbulent Middle East. Decapitation, like crucifixion, is not only a brutal way to kill someone but a way to send a message. The beheading of John the Baptist in today’s gospel was Herod’s way to signal the end of a movement that threatened his authority and his standing with the occupying Romans. Decapitate the movement by killing its leader. Severed heads were kept to insure that the deceased was verifiably dead. John’s disciples presumably were allowed to reclaim only the headless body for burial.

The story is important in the gospels because it marks a point of no return for Jesus. His preaching ministry may be about love and healing and Good News, but it is clearly roiling the powers that see him as a rival to their control. If he continues on this path, his fate will be that of John the Baptist, or worse. Public humiliation and a cruel death lie ahead. A shadow falls over the joyous Galilean ministry. Jesus will try three times to prepare his disciples for what seems like a terrible reversal of fortune. The road to Jerusalem leads not to triumph but to disaster.

In Paul’s letter to the Corinthians (1:17-25), he argues that in the cross lies hidden the wisdom of God. Jesus overcomes death with self-sacrificing love. This seems foolish to the Jews and the Greeks, but it is a paradox central to the mystery of our redemption. God sends his only son to suffer the consequences of human sin. The cross is the instrument of our salvation. The sign of the cross handed down in history is that all suffering for the sake of love is redemptive. What is in fact the human condition of self-sacrificing love is taken up into the divine plan to save the world from itself. The crucified, murdered, tortured and beheaded victims of sin will triumph over oppression, evil and death. Jesus leads the way by his cross and resurrection.

We have the pattern. We sign ourselves with it every time we pray. It is stamped and sealed on our lives at baptism. There is no way to experience the glory of the Christ without also accepting the challenge of self-sacrificing love. For most of us, this will not entail heroic or public suffering, but all of us will find ordinary ways to give ourselves away in love, lose ourselves in the common good, empty ourselves into the lives of others in order to find fulfillment. God was there first. Jesus shows us how to live fully and die well. This is the sign of the cross.

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