“Finally the woman also died” (Luke 20:31).
The Sadducees were the wealthy upper class – the House of Lords, if you will – of Jerusalem in Jesus’ time. They and the Pharisees made up the Sanhedrin. Being wealthy they did not mind the possibility that there was no afterlife, a point of contention with the Pharisees, who did believe in a final resurrection. It was apparently the Sadducees’ turn to trap Jesus, so they concocted an absurd scenario in which a woman is married in succession by seven brothers to insure progeny to the first brother who had married her. If there is resurrection, the Sadducees ask, who will be her husband? As a hypothetical, it is meant to ridicule Jesus even as it shows cruel disregard for the poor woman who will be driven to her grave by seven men determined to impregnate her.
Jesus directly answers both questions: Marriage is for this world and resurrection is assured for those who are the friends of God, as Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Moses are. Those who share the life of God in this world will continue that life in the next, because God is the God of the living, not the dead.
The answer must have stunned the Sadducees, whose comfortable lives were indifferent to the poor and oppressed peoples all around them. Already dead to God’s will, they have no stake in eternity. Their clever trap is turned on them. Some scribes, perhaps legal counsel to the Sadducees, admit defeat. Jesus has answered decisively, and they will be wise not to toy with him again.
The question is not about marriage or even resurrection, but about obedience and love. Those who love others and practice justice are already living in God, and those who do not are already dead. As for the afterlife, God takes care of his friends.
“Black Friday” has entered the national lexicon to designate the critical shopping day after Thanksgiving. An annual frenzy begins the Christmas season and projects the health of the consumer economy for the near term. The day has liturgical parallels; attendance is encouraged, the rituals of discounted pricing and piped in music rival anything religion has to offer in high holy days like Good Friday, Palm Sunday or, for that matter, Blue Monday, when all bills come due.
In Luke 17, Jesus charges into the temple to purge all buying and selling, not because he is against money or GDP, but to preserve holy ground as the heart for the common good. What is an economy if not a way to organize human dignity for all? Apocalyptic John (Rev.10), a probing voice in hard times, consumes a honeyed scroll that turns sour in his stomach. Here is the original bitter pill, sugar-coated medicine we swallow for our own good. Another, larger scroll with seven seals awaits One worthy to open it. It holds the final narrative of accountability.
Whoever picked the readings for the Lectionary may have had irony in mind, but it would be a cheap shot to blame the millions who must sell their dignity every day to survive in the global economy, from the assembly plant workers in China to the greeters and sackers in the retail malls of America. We need better systems, markets that work without the buying and selling of souls. Everyone in the end will take their medicine, sweet and sour. Holy ground begins in the heart, where love is still given freely to anyone who understands its real cost.
“Your faith has saved you” (Luke 17:19).
The Church provides two sets of readings for today, one suitable to the Thanksgiving holiday and the other for the ongoing apocalyptic themes emphasized as we end one liturgical year and approach Advent. In Luke 17, the leper who returns to give thanks is praised; In Luke 19, Jesus weeps over Jerusalem. Our reality is always a mix of light and darkness, hope and trouble.
The November 22 date is seared into the memories of a generation – the day President John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas in 1963. For many of us it seemed like the end of the world. The country entered into a long period of shock and introspection, and a feeling of lost innocence pervaded everything. And though this was hardly the first time violence defined either our domestic life or our foreign policy, the decade had begun with such a spirit of optimism and idealism. It would end witnessing the horrors of the Vietnam War, a string of assassinations and the bloodiest phase of the Civil Rights movement.
Almost 50 years later, another young president oversees a faltering economy and a global “War on Terror’ fought with immense blood and treasure and scores of pilotless armed drones roaming the world in search of our enemies. Hope and despair define the world with disproportionate force inflicted by fate and design on the poor and displaced. We are right to stop to count our blessings, which include the tears of Jesus over us and our cities, a continuous baptism to cleanse us of sin and lead us to conversion. Our faith has the power to save us, but we must first live it.
The Jewish ritual of presenting a child in the Temple is commemorated today in the life of Mary. The feast has no biblical basis other than the general practice, which assumes that Mary’s parents, named Joachim and Anne by tradition, brought her at three-years-old for presentation to the priests. Luke 2:22 records the same ritual when Joseph and Mary presented Jesus after his circumcision. The practice acknowledges that all children are gifts from God and belong to God.
All parents learn this truth. Whether their children are adopted or biological, they are on loan, God’s investment in us that we will care for and nurture them. That so many children in our world are not received this way is one of the deep tragedies of life and a challenge to the glaring disparities in our economic and political systems. An estimated 7 million children under the age of 5 died in 2011, the majority predictably in the developing nations, where poverty, health and environmental factors are the leading cause of infant and child mortality. These brief lives and the potential gifts they held are marked “return to sender.”
We measure the loss in contrast to the joy surviving children bring to those who can welcome and love them. A baby held, a grandchild dandled on the lap, first words and steps, a toddler’s explorations and questions help us all rediscover the mystery of life. When Jesus said that only children enter the kingdom, he was describing a world in which every social structure and institution, policy and goal begins with the question, “How will this affect children.” If this were observed, every conflict would be resolved without war, every government would be run by parents, and mothers and children would always come first.
"I must stay at your house today" (Luke 19:6).
Jesus arrives in Jericho after healing the blind man on the way. Word of the miracle has gone ahead, and a huge crowd jams the streets in anticipation of catching a glimpse of this wonder worker and perhaps witnessing another spectacular healing. There will be just that, but not in the way the crowd expects or understands. Jesus’ encounter with the head tax collector, the most despised man in Jericho, will stir up a storm of criticism. Of all the upstanding citizens and respected figures in town, how can the visiting prophet be so politically incorrect as to choose the house of Zacchaeus to stop and share a meal?
Eager to see Jesus but short of stature, Zacchaeus climbs a tree. He sees Jesus and Jesus sees him, a man up in a tree. In a very short time, Jesus will be the man in the tree, crucified for the sins of the world. The encounter, like all of Jesus’ acts of reconciliation and healing, will be a matter of trading places. Zacchaeus is healed and his stature is restored in the community; Jesus will be condemned and expelled as a convicted criminal and heretic. A meal is celebrated at Zacchaeus’ house; Jesus’s sacrificial death for our sake will be forever celebrated in the breaking of the bread.
There is an unbearable richness in every encounter with Jesus. To seek him in our busy, crowded days is also to be sought by him, invited to dine with him, and to become one with him.
“I want to see” (Luke 18:41).
Our dear Brother Louis, longtime director of one of the local Catholic Worker houses, will have his right eye removed on December 5. Glaucoma took the sight last month, and the eye itself will be removed to prevent further infection. We are all shaking our heads at the irony that the one person with the clearest-eyed vision of reality is losing part of his physical sight. Louis Rodemann, Christian Brother, aka Brother Louie to everyone who has fallen through the safety nets in Midtown Kansas City, Mo., and to the thousands of volunteers who have helped serve meals and provide other services at Holy Family House over the past three decades, will still be able to see what is invisible to most. The disparity that defines our world is everywhere, and it has never required 20/20 vision or two eyes to see its human face.
The blind beggar on the road to Jericho wanted to see. Jesus restored his physical sight but also the vision to see God at work in the world. To pray is to realize that Jesus is passing by and that if we call out to him, he will summon us and ask, “What do you want me to do for you?” We would be wise to ask for sight. It is the first gift every disciple needs to decide what their next step will be.
“The kingdom of God is among you” (Luke 17:22).
The simplest affirmation of the mystery of the Incarnation is the world itself. The Creator is in the creation. Jesus was asked by the Pharisees when God’s Kingdom was coming. He said, in effect, it is right here, in your midst. Don’t search your books for concepts or prophecies. The world is the Book of God.
St. Albert, the great 13th century Dominican theologian and teacher of Thomas Aquinas, combined theology and science as the pursuit of the same truth. At a time when many theologians were trying to leave behind and below the messy world of frogs and flesh to pursue God in the mind, Albert affirmed the Incarnation. Jesus is the embodiment of God. His full humanity claims all of creation for transformation by grace. The whole is holy. God is here and now, in the pulse and throb of life, in the ebb and flow of human relationships and in every encounter, whether it is between people or molecules.
The image with this reflection is my rendering of a beautiful statue standing at the entrance of St. Albert the Great Church in Minneapolis. Albert, affectionately known as “Big Al” by Pastor Joe Gillespie and the parishioners, holds a large frog and a book. Nature and theology, the world and the Bible, are inseparable. Thanks be to God. Ribbit.
“Go show yourselves to the priests” (Luke 17:13).
In Luke’s Gospel, Jesus always observes the Law, so he sends the lepers to the priests. According to Levitical law, the priests had to examine the lepers before reinstating them to the community. The story is rich in implications. The 10 lepers include both Jews and Samaritans; their common lot as outcasts trumps the deep animosity between the two groups. Cleansed, nine lepers do what Jesus had told them to do, but one, a Samaritan, returns to the source of his healing to give thanks. For this, Jesus says that the leper’s faith has saved him. He has found both healing and eternal life.
An even deeper mystery is occurring here. Jesus is on his way to Jerusalem. There, he himself will become outcast, suffer and die. This empowers him to take the place of others who are suffering from rejection, disease and sin. Jesus is the priest who heals and restores everyone he meets by trading places with them, taking their sufferings on himself.
All ministry happens because we are willing to contaminate ourselves with the troubles and sufferings of one another. By this openness we imitate Jesus. We find life and give life by fulfilling the Law of love.
Ode to My Socks
Mara Mori brought me
a pair of socks
which she knitted herself
with her sheepherder's hands,
two socks as soft as rabbits.
I slipped my feet into them
as if they were two cases
knitted with threads of twilight and goatskin,
my feet were two fish made of wool,
two long sharks
sea blue, shot through
by one golden thread,
two immense blackbirds,
my feet were honored in this way
by these heavenly socks.
They were so handsome for the first time
my feet seemed to me unacceptable
like two decrepit firemen,
firemen unworthy of that woven fire,
of those glowing socks.
Nevertheless, I resisted the sharp temptation
to save them somewhere as schoolboys
as learned men collect
I resisted the mad impulse to put them
in a golden cage and each day give them
birdseed and pieces of pink melon.
Like explorers in the jungle
who hand over the very rare green deer
to the spit and eat it with remorse,
I stretched out my feet and pulled on
the magnificent socks and then my shoes.
The moral of my ode is this:
beauty is twice beauty
and what is good is doubly good
when it is a matter of two socks
made of wool in winter.
Effective Sunday bulletins are a key to parish growth
By Jacalyn Kolk
This article first appeared in the May 2012 issue of Celebration.
A bulletin’s authors have the opportunity every week to address topics that may be helpful to the congregation.
Is your church bulletin worth reading? We expect information instantly these days. If visitors pick up this week’s bulletin, will they want to come back next week? Does the bulletin inform parishioners of church activities? Does it explain what these activities are and who might want to come? I am a lifelong Catholic, and often had no idea what one group mentioned in today’s bulletin did or why someone would participate. Could this happen in your bulletin?
Does the bulletin reflect the parish’s community involvement? Are parishioners given ways to help in the community? My church bulletin had a request from the thrift store for pots and pans, but no invitation to volunteer at the store. The Ladies Guild did ask for volunteers and donations for a project with local nursing homes. No information on the time or place for the project was provided, leaving the reader unable to participate without calling the church office for more information. No ongoing community projects were mentioned in the bulletin.
Does your bulletin ask for participation at the church? If a parishioner would like to be actively involved, the bulletin can help make this happen. Someone must sing in the choir, or take up the collection, or teach Sunday school. Does the bulletin invite the reader to get involved and give contact information for the person in charge? The bulletin can also be used to acknowledge people who have given extraordinary service.
On occasion, does the bulletin survey parishioners about the best time for services or the style of music preferred? Does it ask how the church can better serve its members, its community or its world? I have never seen suggestions requested in the bulletin! Are elections to the parish council announced well in advance?
Does the bulletin advise parishioners how they can best help in responding to local disasters? Our community faced a disaster of national significance last year. The bulletin would have been a wonderful tool for gathering support, disseminating information or giving information on what could be done to help. Only after parishioners spoke up was the disaster mentioned.
Would a paragraph on the qualities of a good marriage help? Or information on how to begin to annul a marriage that ended in divorce? What about a paragraph dealing with depression? Or one on how to share happiness or material blessings? These are just ideas. So many possible topics are available. Does the bulletin offer some information for each age group? The young members of the congregation will not look at the bulletin if it offers nothing they are interested in doing.
Does the bulletin provide enough financial information to account for the use of funds? What does the bulletin say about the parish priorities? If the bulletin requests money to buy matching baskets or upgrade serviceable fabrics when people go without basic necessities, what message is sent?
Is your bulletin online? Can you sign up to be notified by e-mail about items of interest? One church I occasionally attend refused for a time to give a bulletin to anyone who did not stay for the entire service. The information was not posted anywhere. It may have been well-intentioned, but the message was: “Don’t come back.”
Many people go to the Internet for information. Church websites in our town vary from informative and timely to rudimentary and obsolete. In reviewing sites around the country, larger churches often (but not always) seemed to maintain current websites, with smaller churches only having basic information. The website of a Catholic church in a relatively large Midwestern city listed a staff well-educated in pastoral ministry. The site seemed to be updated at least weekly and was interesting. I kept reading, especially about their mission and health assistance program in Central America. That website showed it can be done.
Churches have an immense capacity to serve. Getting parishioners involved and interested requires giving them information and asking them to help. The church may receive more response than you ever thought possible if the bulletin is used to its fullest potential.
Jacalyn N. Kolk is an attorney and a former Catholic school teacher. She is the author of “Returning Catholics,” published in 1999 in Celebration.